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Archive for the ‘Housewife’ Category

TYPES OF NEEDLES

People who are involved in sewing should be aware of the types of needles that exists.There are different kinds of needles available in market.

needle no-7
needle no-8
needle no-9
needle no-17
needle no-18
needle no-22

NEEDLE NO-7 ,8,9 These types of needles are used to sew with hands. Starters who wish to learn embroidery can use these types of needles.

NEEDLE NO-17 This needle is used for embroidery on canvass cloths. It is used to put embroidery on tough thick cloths.

NEEDLE NO-18 This needle is used for tarning purpose. The opposite ends of the needle are bigger. Particularly it is used in woolen cloths to do knitting work.

NEEDLE NO-22 This is used for embroidery works. It has sharper ends and smaller length.

KINDS OF NEEDLE

sharps – n0. 7,9
betweens – no. 8,6
embroidery -no.7,9
darners -no.18,5
tapestry -no.17,22
chenille -n0.18

SEWING TOOLS

1. INCH TAPE OR CENTIMETER TAPE

Inch tape is an important tool for a sewer. Recent inch tapes have centimeter counts on other side which is easier to measure. Inch tape of length 60 on one side and centimeter of length 162 on the other side are marked.
2. SCALE (FOOT RULE)
12 inches marked in 1 foot scale or 30 centimeters marked in 1 foot scale should be noticed. It is used to draw lines and measure .
  • 1 inch = 2.5 cm
  • 12 inch = 1 foot
  • 30 cm = 1 foot
  • 100 cm = 1 meter
3. TAILORS SCALE
Tailors scale is used to draw lines of small distance with accurate measurement. It is helpfull in cutting crosspiece which is used for neck part.
  • 1 inch = 4 inch
  • 1 inch = 6 inch
  • 1 inch = 8 inch
4. MARKING CHALK
Marking chalk is used to draw lines on cloth . The measurements on cloth are marked using marking chalk.
5. TAILOR’S SQUARE
Tailor’s square is used to draw straight lines on  stitching pattern and cloth . It is also used to draw corner lines .
6. FRECH STENCIL
French stencils of different shapes are used to draw shapes on cloth. It is made up of plastic or wood.
7. PENCIL , RUBBER
Pencil is used to draw  patterns and rubber is used to erase if any mistake is made.
8. SCISSOR, TOOTH SCISSOR, SMALL SCISSOR
Scissors are used to cut cloth and it is also know as master scissor. Always have a seperate scissor for cloth and paper. Tooth scissor is used to cut the cloth corners so that it looks decorated and the threads dont come out. Small scissor is used to cut the extra threads that hang out during sewing . It can be kept closer to the machine during necessaries.
9. PIN CUSION
While cutting cloth , pins are poked into the cloth from moving. These pins have to kept safely in pin cusion.
10. BRUSH
Brush is used to rub the markings on cloth made by marking chalk. Beginers need brush for practising.
11. FINGER GUARD
Finger guards are used to guard the fingers of people who work with needles.
12. IRONING MACHINE
Ironing machine is used to iron cloths after the dress is stitched.
13. NEEDLES
There are various types of needles. Hand needles are used to put stitches using hand and machine needles are used to put stitches using machine. There are also various sizes of needles.
14. CIRCLE BLADE
Circle blade can be used to cut different shapes. Shapes are drawn on paper and placed on the cloth . Then the circle blade is used to cut along the shapes.

THE PRESERVATION OF GOOD TEMPER IN THE HOUSEKEEPER.

There is nothing which has a more abiding influence on the happiness
of a family than the preservation of equable and cheerful temper and
tones in the housekeeper. A woman who is habitually gentle,
sympathizing, forbearing, and cheerful, carries an atmosphere about
her which imparts a soothing and sustaining influence, and renders it
easier for all to do right, under her administration, than in any other
situation.
There are families where the mother’s presence seemed the
sunshine of the circle around her; imparting a cheering and vivifying
power, scarcely realized till it was withdrawn. Every one, without
thinking of it, or knowing why it was so, experienced a peaceful and
invigorating influence as soon as he entered the sphere illumined by
her smile, and sustained by her cheering kindness and sympathy. On the
contrary, many a good housekeeper, (good in every respect but this,)
by wearing a countenance of anxiety and dissatisfaction, and by
indulging in the frequent use of sharp and reprehensive tones, more
than destroys all the comfort which otherwise would result from her
system, neatness, and economy.

SEWING, CUTTING, AND MENDING.

Every young girl should be taught to do the following kinds of stitch
with propriety: Over-stitch, hemming, running, felling, stitching,
back-stitch and run, buttonhole-stitch, chain-stitch, whipping, darning,
gathering, and cross-stitch.

In doing over-stitch, the edges should always be first fitted, either
with pins or basting, to prevent puckering. In turning wide hems, a
paper measure should be used, to make them even. Tucks, also, should
be regulated by a paper measure. A fell should be turned, before the
edges are put together, and the seam should be over-sewed before
felling. All biased or goring seams should be felled, for stitching,
draw a thread, and take up two or three threads at a stitch.

In cutting buttonholes, it is best to have a pair of scissors, made
for the purpose, which cut very neatly. For broadcloth, a chisel and
board are better. The best stitch is made by putting in the needle,
and then turning the thread round it near the eye. This is better than
to draw the needle through, and then take up a loop. A stay thread
should first be put across each side of the buttonhole, and also a bar
at each end before working it. In working the buttonhole, keep the
stay thread as far from the edge as possible. A small bar should be
worked at each end.

Whipping is done better by sewing _over_, and not under. The roll
should be as fine as possible, the stitches short, the thread strong,
and in sewing, every gather should be taken up.

The rule for _gathering_ in shirts is, to draw a thread, and then take
up two threads and skip four. In _darning_, after the perpendicular
threads are run, the crossing threads should interlace exactly, taking
one thread and leaving one, like woven threads. It is better to run a
fine thread around a hole and draw it together, and then darn across it.

The neatest sewers always fit and baste their work before sewing; and
they say they always save time in the end by so doing, as they never
have to pick out work on account of mistakes.

It is wise to sew closely and tightly all new garments which will never
be altered in shape; but some are more nice than wise, in sewing frocks
and old garments in the same style. However, this is the least common
extreme. It is much more frequently the case that articles which ought
to be strongly and neatly made are sewed so that a nice sewer would
rather pick out the threads and sew over again than to be annoyed with
the sight of grinning stitches, and vexed with constant rips.

If the thread kinks in sewing, break it off and begin at the other
end. In using spool-cotton, thread the needle with the end which comes
off first, and not the end where you break it off. This often prevents
kinks.

_Work-baskets_.–It is very important to neatness, comfort, and
success in sewing, that a lady’s work-basket should be properly fitted
up. The following articles are needful to the mistress of a family:
a large basket to hold work; having in it fastened a smaller basket
or box, containing a needle-book in which are needles of every size,
both blunts and sharps, with a larger number of those sizes most used;
also small and large darning-needles, for woolen, cotton, and silk;
two tape needles, large and small; nice scissors for fine work,
button-hole scissors; an emery bag; two balls of white and yellow wax;
and two thimbles, in case one should be mislaid. When a person is
troubled with damp fingers, a lump of soft chalk in a paper is useful
to rub on the ends of the fingers.

Besides this box, keep in the basket common scissors; small shears;
a bag containing tapes of all colors and sizes, done up in rolls; bags,
one containing spools of white and another of colored cotton thread,
and another for silks wound on spools or papers; a box or bag for nice
buttons, and another for more common ones; a hag containing silk braid,
welting cords, and galloon binding. Small rolls of pieces of white and
brown linen and cotton are also often needed. A brick pin-cushion is
a great convenience in sewing, and better than screw cushions. It is
made by covering half a brick with cloth, putting a cushion on the
top, and covering it tastefully. It is very useful to hold pins and
needles while sewing, and to fasten long seams when basting and sewing.

Duties of a householder

PANCHA MAHA YAGNAS:

The five daily sacrifices enjoined for a householder are

(1) sacrifice to Brahman by studying the Vedas,

(2) sacrifice to the forefathers by making offerings to them,

(3) sacrifice to all creatures by putting aside a portion of one’s meals,

(4) sacrifice to human beings by extending hospitality and

(5) sacrifice to the demigods by performing fire sacrifices and so on.

Women and Home

 

The inspiring force of the home is the woman. The home is the origin and beginning of every form of social organisation. It is the nursery of the nation. It is the sweet place wherein children are trained for future citizenship. The woman illumines the home through the glory of motherhood. Man is incapable of doing the domestic duties incident upon the rearing of children. Good habits, right conduct and formation of good character are created in children spontaneously in a well regulated home under the personal influence of the mother.

 

The loving kindness and the cultured gentleness of the mother help the children to unfold their native talents and dormant capacities quickly. Children absorb ideas by suggestion and imitation. Early training and impressions formed at early age are lasting. The mother at home can do the formation of character very efficiently. Therefore, home is the most beautiful training ground for the building of character in children under the personal guidance of the mother.

 

Woman is the backbone or bedrock to sustain religion and
national strength, peace and prosperity.

Manu declares:

 

“The woman who always does good, who is efficient in work, sweet in speech, devoted to her duty and service of her husband, is really no human being but a goddess.”

Housewife

AS WITH THE COMMANDER OF AN ARMY, or the leader of any enterprise, so is it with the mistress of a house. Her spirit will be seen through the whole establishment; and just in proportion as she performs her duties intelligently and thoroughly, so will her domestics follow in her path. Of all those acquirements, which more particularly belong to the feminine character, there are none which take a higher rank, than such as enter into a knowledge of household duties; for on these are perpetually dependent the happiness, comfort, and well-being of a family.

The modest virgin, the prudent wife, and the careful matron, are much more serviceable in life than petticoated philosophers, blustering heroines, or virago queens.

She who makes her husband and her children happy, who reclaims the one from vice and trains up the other to virtue, is a much greater character than ladies described in romances, whose whole occupation is to murder mankind with shafts from their quiver, or their eyes.
Without housewives, there is no family is western society as a result of which there is Rampant illegitimacy and sexual disease, widespread divorce, and a generation of unloved, undisciplined, and uncared-for kids.