All about Bengali Women.

Woman and Society

“When irreligion is prominent in the family, O Krsna, the women of the family become polluted, and from the degradation of womanhood, O descendant of Vrsni, comes unwanted progeny.” – Bhagavad-Gita 1:40.

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Bengalis are known for an intellectual bent of mind and are known to live life on values and ideals.

Money has been important in Bengali society , but is not considered to be everything in life.

Sadly,modern  Bengalis  are not immune from the rush for the material trappings of modern society.For some money has become more important than values.

Bengalis in some places literally compete to see who has the bigger house, the nicest cars and clothes or the most expensive education.

Here are some tips to help you simplify your life’s material side, and see the bigger picture.

attain good in the next.

 Make your will

This may be scary but it will give you a true picture of where you are and where you have or want to be. Who doesn’t want to die debt-free, with money left for loved ones? By making a will, you will see the bigger picture-how much you owe, how much you have left to give-and it could provide the much needed kick in the pants many of us need to start doing things we have to do to get our financial house in order.

 Question your sources of income

Is it based on honesty? Where is my money coming from? These are life-changing questions.

 Make a personal financial plan a second grader could understand

When people hear budget, they may think of cold accountants expressionlessly number crunching over a stack of papers. But your personal budget does not have to be this way. If you like computers, get a program that can help you do this. If not, get a notebook or folder and start doing this. Make it simple. Picture yourself as a second grader and ask yourself how you would budget your money. Remember, the only math functions you really need for this are what you probably learned in grade two: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, that’s all.

The purpose is to help you identify where your money is really going, how you can pay off debts and spend your money more wisely.

 Write down and pay off all of your debts

Write down every debt that you have and incorporate repayment of all of your debts into your personal financial plan. In fact, set a specific part of your income whenever you receive it for this purpose only. Just start. Don’t wait to have a big amount.

 Avoid buying unless you’ve got the money

It’s this very attitude that promoters of the credit card seek to change. They want you to think that this silly piece of plastic is the ticket to happiness. It means you can buy when, where and how you want.

Not true. Remember, if you buy on credit, you will have to deal with the stress of paying off this bill before the interest kicks in. If you don’t, the original price will keep increasing.

Try to reduce borrowing

Unless it’s really necessary, avoid borrowing money, even if it’s interest-free from a relative or friend. This just adds to the stress of constantly remembering that you have to pay someone back and it takes away from your ability to spend on what is really important. In some cases, it can have a negative effect on relationships with people

 Don’t use shopping as a fix

Shopping is not simply a mechanical activity in our culture. It’s what many do when they are depressed or want to have a good time. Whether it’s the teenagers who hang out at the mall, or those who see getting groceries on Saturdays as a family trip, shopping has become recreation. Make a rule that you will not go shopping unless you have an exact item you want to buy or some real work to do. Then take up some other interesting activity to replace your fix.

 Try to avoid shopping without a list

And stick to it, even if there are only one or two items on it. Normally, people use this for groceries but the concept can be extended to buying clothes, shoes, etc. If you can stick to the list, you can see beyond the fancy marketing gimmicks at the front of the store and just walk right to wherever you have to go, get what you have to get, and leave without being suckered into buying some useless knickknack or other object on sale that day.

 Set a quota for your obsessions

Tell yourself you will not spend more than say, Rs 2000  per month on things that aren’t really necessary, but you like to have (i.e. lots of clothes, chocolate, junk food, computer games and videos, etc.) or whatever your obsession is. Then keep only this amount in your wallet. Don’t withdraw any more from your account.

 Give, give, give

Charity does not decrease wealth. Be on the lookout for opportunities to give.

Treat interest like the disgusting thing that it is

Treat interest like what it is: a disgusting disease that enslaves people and makes them miserable. Be conscious of it and avoid it at all costs, no matter how little. Encourage others to do the same.

Save a specific percentage of your money

This is not so you can hoard lots of money. Emergencies happen. Your savings can help you out here. Or you lose your job and you’re the sole supporter of your family. Your savings can help you in the short-term by at least covering the bare necessities until some other arrangement is worked out.

 Resist the urge to “keep up with the Neighbours”

The Boses got a new house. But then the Sinhas got a bigger one. In response the Ghoshes got a mansion. And the cycle continues. This kind of competition for material things is another example of material enslavement. Resist the urge to keep up with the Neighbours or anyone else for that matter. If the pressure is too intense, consider widening your circle of friends to those who don’t base their relationship with you on how much money you make or how many cars you have.

 If you can, chuck the T.V. or reduce how often your kids, especially, watch it

Television is one of the best things to ever happen to peddlers of toys, weight loss gimmicks and insecurity. Getting rid of it or reducing its consumption, especially for your kids, will decrease the need to buy the latest action figure, Barbie and what not. That doesn’t mean the desire will go away. But when kids (adults as well) are not bombarded with daily messages feeding on their need to have the same toys or insecurities their friends have, these items will have less importance and help reduce the need to use material things as a source of personal satisfaction.

 Imagine yourself as a traveler

What do you notice about travelers? They are focused on their destination, and keep very few things that will load them down.

Alpana is another name for a type of rangoli. The ancient Mohen-jo-daro and Harappan civilizations also had Alpana.

The word ‘Alpana’ is derived from the Sanskrit ‘Oalanpeen’ which means “to plaster.”

According to Gurushay Dutt, the lotus flower Bengali women make between their Alpanooan, and the lotus flower of Mohen-jo-daro are similar.

Acharya Awneendranath Tagore made this subject compulsory along with other subjects of painting at  Shantiniketan- this art also made a  subject.

Ululation is found in some singing techniques and ritual situations.

 Ululation is also widely practiced in southern and eastern parts of India. People, especially women roll their tongues and produce this sound during all Hindu temple rituals, festivals and celebrations. This is also an integral part of most weddings in these parts where, depending upon the local usages, women ululate to welcome the groom or bride or both.

Sun-screne Cream

Fair Skin is very much valued by bengali women , but it comes at a price:-

Doctors are particularly worried about the abuse of creams that contain a potent steroid called clobetasol or a bleaching compound called hydroquinone.

 The steroid clobetasol is primarily used in treating inflammatory disorders, but one of its side effects is lightening the skin.

Creams with hydroquinone can lead to a condition called paradoxical hyperpigmentation — an effect of the compound that makes the skin appear darker than what it was.

Sufficient levels of vitamin D are crucial for calcium absorption in your intestines. Without sufficient vitamin D, your body cannot absorb calcium, rendering calcium supplements useless.

Chronic vitamin D deficiency cannot be reversed overnight: it takes months of vitamin D supplementation and sunlight exposure to rebuild the body’s bones and nervous system.Even weak sunscreen  (SPF=8) block your body’s ability to generate vitamin D by 95%. This is how sunscreen products actually cause disease — by creating a critical vitamin deficiency in the body.

TYPES OF NEEDLES

People who are involved in sewing should be aware of the types of needles that exists.There are different kinds of needles available in market.

needle no-7
needle no-8
needle no-9
needle no-17
needle no-18
needle no-22

NEEDLE NO-7 ,8,9 These types of needles are used to sew with hands. Starters who wish to learn embroidery can use these types of needles.

NEEDLE NO-17 This needle is used for embroidery on canvass cloths. It is used to put embroidery on tough thick cloths.

NEEDLE NO-18 This needle is used for tarning purpose. The opposite ends of the needle are bigger. Particularly it is used in woolen cloths to do knitting work.

NEEDLE NO-22 This is used for embroidery works. It has sharper ends and smaller length.

KINDS OF NEEDLE

sharps – n0. 7,9
betweens – no. 8,6
embroidery -no.7,9
darners -no.18,5
tapestry -no.17,22
chenille -n0.18

1. INCH TAPE OR CENTIMETER TAPE

Inch tape is an important tool for a sewer. Recent inch tapes have centimeter counts on other side which is easier to measure. Inch tape of length 60 on one side and centimeter of length 162 on the other side are marked.
2. SCALE (FOOT RULE)
12 inches marked in 1 foot scale or 30 centimeters marked in 1 foot scale should be noticed. It is used to draw lines and measure .
  • 1 inch = 2.5 cm
  • 12 inch = 1 foot
  • 30 cm = 1 foot
  • 100 cm = 1 meter
3. TAILORS SCALE
Tailors scale is used to draw lines of small distance with accurate measurement. It is helpfull in cutting crosspiece which is used for neck part.
  • 1 inch = 4 inch
  • 1 inch = 6 inch
  • 1 inch = 8 inch
4. MARKING CHALK
Marking chalk is used to draw lines on cloth . The measurements on cloth are marked using marking chalk.
5. TAILOR’S SQUARE
Tailor’s square is used to draw straight lines on  stitching pattern and cloth . It is also used to draw corner lines .
6. FRECH STENCIL
French stencils of different shapes are used to draw shapes on cloth. It is made up of plastic or wood.
7. PENCIL , RUBBER
Pencil is used to draw  patterns and rubber is used to erase if any mistake is made.
8. SCISSOR, TOOTH SCISSOR, SMALL SCISSOR
Scissors are used to cut cloth and it is also know as master scissor. Always have a seperate scissor for cloth and paper. Tooth scissor is used to cut the cloth corners so that it looks decorated and the threads dont come out. Small scissor is used to cut the extra threads that hang out during sewing . It can be kept closer to the machine during necessaries.
9. PIN CUSION
While cutting cloth , pins are poked into the cloth from moving. These pins have to kept safely in pin cusion.
10. BRUSH
Brush is used to rub the markings on cloth made by marking chalk. Beginers need brush for practising.
11. FINGER GUARD
Finger guards are used to guard the fingers of people who work with needles.
12. IRONING MACHINE
Ironing machine is used to iron cloths after the dress is stitched.
13. NEEDLES
There are various types of needles. Hand needles are used to put stitches using hand and machine needles are used to put stitches using machine. There are also various sizes of needles.
14. CIRCLE BLADE
Circle blade can be used to cut different shapes. Shapes are drawn on paper and placed on the cloth . Then the circle blade is used to cut along the shapes.