Alpana is another name for a type of rangoli. The ancient Mohen-jo-daro and Harappan civilizations also had Alpana.
The word ‘Alpana’ is derived from the Sanskrit ‘Oalanpeen’ which means “to plaster.”
According to Gurushay Dutt, the lotus flower Bengali women make between their Alpanooan, and the lotus flower of Mohen-jo-daro are similar.
Acharya Awneendranath Tagore made this subject compulsory along with other subjects of painting at Shantiniketan- this art also made a subject.