All about Bengali Women.

16 Shingarh


Sakha

Sakha

feet with alta
Feet with alta

The 16 shingars are as followings—

1)Merdana—

Here the bride’s body was messaged with perfumed oils- viz.–rose, jasmine, sandal etc.

2)Mangal Snan—

The bride to be was given bath with purified water mixed with milk or various oils such as almond oil during winter, mixed with rose petals and mixed with khus or marwah during the summer season. The paste of lodhra, bawchi, sitachini etc was used instead of soap.

3) Keshpash sugandhi karan—

The paste of Shikekai, nagarmoth,kachura was applied on well-oiled hair.It was kept for minutes. Then washed off with aritha. This served both purposes shampooing as well as conditioning of hair.

4)Angraag wilepan—

A thin paste of sandalwood was applied evenly on face, neck, bare shoulders etc.(just like foundation creame is applied now a days).

5)kajjal rekha deepan–

Eyes were lined with kohl or kaajal . In ancient India people strongly believed that the kohl protects eyes from harsh sunrays like that of umbrella, so I think applying kohl was customary.

6) Tilak prasadhan—

Bindi or Mangalya chinha was made on the forehead. Different coloured Bindis were made from the gorochana, hartal, kusumba etc. Even flower petals also were used to serve this purpose.

7) Mukha prasadhan—-

Face was decorated with the help of herbal blusher, gold or silver or pearl dust.

Then a beauty spot or small black mark of kohl was made to ward of an evil.

8 ) Kesha pash rachna—

This word means hairstyling. The main styles used in those days were Kundalakar (oval shaped or elongated role or bun), surpaakruti (snake shaped–may be a French role), folded in the wave like manner and the both typesof (i.e. high n low )bun.

9) Alakta niveshen–

This literally means applying lipstick. During those days herbal lipsticks were prepared using beeswax mixed with the kusumba flower’s petals.

10) Hasta sushobhita–

The hands were cleaned and decorated

11) Paad sushobhita–

The feet were cleaned and lined with Alitah.

12) maha vastra pridhan–

Then the  wedding dress was put on the bride, generally a bright coloured silken robe with gold border was used.

13) Pushpa dharanam—

The colourful, pretty and the sweet smelling flower garlands or gajjraas were worn on the hair, around the neck, as a armlet or around the wrist. Then the body was perfumed mildly.

14) Alankaar dharnam—

The bride was given various ornaments to look stunning. The most popular ornaments were mekahla or the chain worn around the waist, anklets, armlets, diferent types of chokers and also various sets of the very heavy bangles.Those ornaments were made up of precious metals like gold and silver,ivory,shells,beads and the precious-semiprecious stones.

15) Tambul sevan–

Tambulam or opum or paan was chewed .It served as mouth freshener.

16) Darpan vilokan

The bride used take a good  look at herself  in the mirror.Her make up used to be checked and rechecked.Some fine touches were given agan.

 

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